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автор Сорокин Вадим Викторович, студент Нефтегазового колледжа имени Ю.Г.Эрвье, ТюмГНГУ руководитель Макаров А.Д.
Семь чудес света
A «wonder» is something beautiful that exceptional that gives us a feeling of admiration and surprise. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World included magnificent buildings and structures built in ancient times.
One of the most famous and beautiful constructions is the Temple of goddess Diana or Artemis at Ephesus, in modern Turkey. She was the goddess of hunting and Apollo’s twin sister. In mythology Diana is pictured as a maiden in a hunting skirt with a bow and a quiver. The Temple was built at about 550 BC but was later destroyed by cruel invaders.
Another well-known ancient wonder is the Colossus at Rhodes, which is in modern Greece. It was a huge bronze statue of Apollo – the god of sun. This statue was erected between 292 and 280 BC. Its height was over 100 feet. It was destroyed in 224 BC because of a strong earthquake.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon became another ancient wonder. They were situated in Babylon, which is now in Iraq. These beautiful gardens were built by King Nebuchadnezzar to please his wife, who liked nice scenery. The approximate year of building is 600 BC. It was a square construction of receding terraces supported by arches and columns. The terraces perhaps rose up to 300 feet. The flowers, shrubs and even trees could grow them.
Another interesting wonder was the Statue of Zeus or Jupiter. He was a man of gigantic size with curly hair and beard. The statue was built in the 5th century BC in Olympia, in modern Greece. It was a 40-feet-high colossal statue made of gold.
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt also refers Seven Wonders. This pyramid was built in 2540 BC in honor of Cheops Pharaoh and is the only ancient wonder to survive today. It is situated outside of modern Cairo and is visited by millions of tourists. There was another wonder built in Egypt – the Pharos of Alexandria. It was a lighthouse built around the 3rd century BC on the island of Pharos. Its light was very useful at those times for ships. It was later destroyed by an earthquake.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus which was situated in modern Turkey was another ancient wonder. This was a tomb built by Queen Artemisia around the year 351 BC in honor of her beloved husband King Mausolus. The sight was destroyed by an earthquake in 1494. However, some of its remains can now be seen at the British Museum in London.
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The Seven Wonders of the World
The Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world .This pyramid was built in 28 centure B.C.
Unfortunately, we don`t know a lot about people whose have built this wonder but the creation of their hands till suprises the world
Hanging Gardens of Semiramis
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 B.C. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland. The gardens were destroyed by several earthquakes after the 2nd century B.C.
The Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis was a temple dedicated to Artemis completed in its most famous phase, around 550 BC. Artemis was a Greek goddess, the virginal huntress. Nothing remains of the temple, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BC in an act of arson committed by Herostratus.
The Statue of Zeus
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was one of the classical Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was made by the famed classical sculptor Phidias in 432 BC in Olympia. It was destroeyd in the great fire of the Lauseion .
The lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built in the 3rd century BC on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as that port’s landmark, and later, its lighthouse. The tower was severely damaged by two earthquakes in 1303 and 1323, to the extent that the Arab traveler Ibn Battuta reported not being able to enter the ruin.
The Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a colossus of the Greek god Helios, erected on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.. After twelve years, in 280 BC, the statue was completed. The statue snapped at the knees and fell over on to the land.
The Tomb of Maussollos
On peninsula smallAsia, in the city of Galikarnase, a tsar whose name was Mausolus died. As a tribute to tsar his wife decided to build him the most splendid tomb, a structure so famous that Mausolus’s name is now the eponym for all stately tombs, in the word mausoleum.It was in the year 325 B.C.The body of tsar was burnt and the ashes were placed ina funeral urn and afterwards the tomb was built. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyrus and Pythius It stood approximately 45 metres. The construction was also so beautiful and unique it became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
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Презентация на тему «Чудеса света» автор ученица 7а класса Бойченко Диана Seven wonders Of the Ancient world
7 wonders of the world
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Was a Greek temple dedicated to a god Artemis. The temple was build in 550BC. It took 120 years to build it. The Temple was very big( 115 meters long,180 meters wide)
Destruction In 356 BC Herostratus burnt the Temple. In 323 the Temple was restored. The Goths ransacked the Temple, than Ephesians rebuilt it again.
Great Pyramid of Giza The largest of 3 pyramids in Giza, Egypt. Was built as a tomb for Cheops (Khufu) in 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid consists of 2.3 million blocks. The Pyramid weigh 6.3 million tons. The only one « Wonder of the Ancient » World that wasn’t destroyed by the time.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon The gardens were built by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar the second in 600BC. It was a present to Nebuchadnezzar’s wife that contained exotic plants and animals.
Destruction After 1 st century BC it was the earthquake and the Gardens of Babylon were destroyed
Statue of Zeus at Olympia Was cared by the classical sculptor Phidias in 432 BC in Olympia, Greece The statue was 12 meters high Zeus was made of gold and ivory Statue was damaged in the II century, then it was restarted. In 5 th -6 th centuries AD the Statue was destroyed
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus a tomb was built between 353 and 350BC at Halicarnassus for Mauslus, his wife and sister. It was 45 meters high. The original sculpture was destroyed by flood. A new structure was built and damaged by the earthquake (1494AD)
Colossus of Rhodes Was a statue of the Greek god Helios , it was built in the city of Rhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280BC Before its destruction the Colossus of Rhodes was 30 meters high It was one of the tallest statues of the ancient world
Destruction In 226BC it was an earthquake and the Statue was destroyed
Lighthouse of Alexandria Also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, was a tower built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria It was 120(140) meters high, it was for many centuries among the tallest manmade structures on the Earth 1303-1480 AD Earthquake destroyed Lighthouse of Alexandria