Infinitive Or Ing Form Презентация

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Infinitive Or Ing Form Презентация

THE TO-INFINITIVE OR –ING FORM GRAMMAR REFERENCESBalabanova Olga, school N 6, Apatity

The to-infinitive is used1.To express purpose.He went to university to become a lawyer. (in order to become)to — infinitive

The to-infinitive is used2. after certain verbs (agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plan, promise, refuse etc).He refused to pay the bill.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used3. after certain adjectives (happy, glad, sorry etc).She was happy to win the prize.to- infinitive

The to-infinitive is used4. After I would like/would love/ would prefer to express specific preference.I’d like to see the manager.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used5. After certain nouns.What a surprise to see him there!to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used6. After too/enough constructionsHe’s too young to have his own car.He’s clever enough to do the crossword.He’s got enough money to live on.to — infinitive

The to-infinitive is used7. With: it + be + adjective (+ of + noun/pronoun).It was generous of him to offer 1000$.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used8. With so+adjective+as.Would you be so kind as to help me move the sofa?to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used9. With “only” to express an unsatisfactory result.She came in only to find Bob had left.to — infinitive

The to-infinitive is used10. After: be + the first/second etc/next/last/best etc.He was the last to come to work.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used11. In the expression: for + noun/pronoun + to –inf.For him to be so rude was unforgivable.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is used12. In expressions such as: to tell you the truth, to begin with, to be honest etc.To be honest, I don’t like him.to – infinitive

The to-infinitive is usedNote: If two infinitives are joined by “and” or “or”, the “to” of the second infinitive can be omitted.I want to call Mr Jones and fax or post him a letter.to – infinitive

The –ing form is used1. After certain verbs (admit, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, consider, continue, delay, deny, discuss, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, finish, forgive, go(physical activities), imagine, involve, keep,(=continue), mention, mind, miss, object to, postpone, practice, prevent, quit, recall recollect, report, resent, resist, risk, save, stand suggest, tolerate, understand etc).They discussed selling the company.Let’s go jogging!I’d rather go sailing.

The -ing form is used2. After: dislike, enjoy, hate, like, love, prefer to express general preference.She dislikes painting. (In general)Note: Like + to-inf = it’s good ideaI like to wash my hair every day- Ing — ing — ing — ing — ing

The –ing form is used3. After: I’m busy, It’s no use, It’s (no) good, It’s (not) worth, what’s the use of, can’t help, there is no point (in), can’t stand, have difficulty (in), in addition to, as well as, have trouble, have a hard/difficult time.He can’t stand being treated like a slave.He had difficulty finding his way back.- Ing — ing — ing -ing — ing

The –ing form is used4. After: spend/waste (time, money etc).He spends his free time (in) digging the garden.- Ing — ing — ing — ing — ing

The –ing form is used5. After prepositions. He left the shop without paying so he was accused of stealing.- Ing — ing — ing — ing — ing

The –ing form is used6. As a noun.Walking is good exercise.- Ing — ing — ing — ing — ing

The –ing form is used7. After: look forward to, be/get used to, be/get accustomed to, object to, admit (to) etc.I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.Ing — ing — ing — — ing — ing

The –ing form is used8. After: hear, listen, notice, see, watch to express an incomplete action, an action in progress or a long action. I saw Tim doing his homework. ( I saw part of the action in progress. I did not wait until he had finished.)- Ing — ing — ing — ing — ing

But: hear, listen, see, watch + infinitive without “to” express a complete action, something that one saw or heard from begging to end.I saw Tim do his homework. It took him an hour. (I saw the whole action from beginning to end.) hear, listen , see, watch

Инфинитив – это неопределенная форма глагола, которая отвечает на вопросы Что делать? Что сделать?

Инфинитив бывает с частицей to (to-infinitive) и без частицы to (bare infinitive), его еще называют «голый инфинитив»:

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The to-infinitive or — ing form

The -ing form is used : After the verbs : love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, hate For example : Liza prefers dancing alone. After the verbs: spend, waste, lose (time, money,etc ) For example: He spends all time playing computer games.

The -ing form is used : After the verbs : hear, listen to, notice, see, watch, feel to describe an incomplete action. I saw John waiting for the taxi. After the verbs: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, deny, fancy, go (for activities), imagine, mind, miss, practise , prevent, quit, save, suggest. You should continue studying English.

The -ing form is used : After expression such as: be busy, it’s no use, it’s no good, it’s (not) worth, what’s the use of, can’t help, there’s no point (in), can’t stand, have difficulty (in), have trouble. It’s no use complaining all the time. think of, apologise for. I apologised for being later.

The -ing form is used : After the preposition to with verbs: object to, look forward to, be used to , in addition to. After prepositions : a fter, on, by, before, without, instead of, besides He went to school without eating any breakfast.

The to-infinitive form is used: After would like, would love, would prefer. For example: I would love to come to your party After certain verbs that refer to the future (agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, pian , promise, refuse, want) For example: I want you to come.

The to-infinitive is used: After too / enough After verbs and expressions such as ask, deside , explain, learn, find out. After ajectives which describe feelings / emotions, express willingness / un willingness or refer to a person character

The infinitive without to is used: After modal verbs (Sally can speak English) After the verbs: let, make, see, hear, feel (My brother made me apologise ) After had better and would rather . (You had better put a jacket on)

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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

Infinitive and ing-forms Учитель английского языка МБОУ Гимназии № 5 Соболева Е.А.

To – Infinitive употребляется : Для выражение цели (чтобы) He came to Moscow to find a better job. чтобы найти После таких глаголов как: want, advise, agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, manage, offer, promise, refuse, seem, afford, pretend They promised to listen to their parents. 3) После глаголов know, ask, decide, learn, remember, want to know, если после этих глаголов употреблено вопросительное слово (who, what, where, how…) I can’t decide where to go.

4) После прилагательных nice, sorry, glad, happy, willing, afraid, ashamed… I’m sorry to tell you this news. 5) После слов too, enough She’s too shy to talk to her boss. …слишком застенчивая, чтобы поговорить… 6) После конструкции it+ be+ прил. (+ of+ сущ /местоим) It was nice of him to help John. 7) После фраз would like/would love/ would prefer I’d like to have one more cup of tea. 8) После слова only, когда говорящий хочет выразить неудовлетворительный результат He rushed to the door only to discover it was locked.

Bare-infinitive (инфинитив без частицы to) После модальных глаголов They can work hard. 2) После глаголов let, make (заставлять), see, hear, feel, кроме страдательного залога. She made me tell the truth. Но! I was made to tell the truth. 3) После фраз had better, would rather I’d rather go home now.

Ing-forms употребляются: В роли существительных Smoking is dangerous for health. 2) После предлогов He left the room without saying a word. 3) После глаголов а) love, like, hate, enjoy, dislike, prefer Sarah likes watching documentaries. b) consider, avoid, deny, look forward to, confess to, fancy, involve, mention, risk, spend, mind, regret, admit, suggest, imagine Sam denied taking the money. c) go (в значении заняться какой-то деятельностью или спортом) We go swimming twice a week.

4) После фраз: it’s no use, it’s worth, it’s no good, be busy, there’s no point in, what’s the use of, can’t help, can’t stand, be/get used to, have difficulty in I have difficulty in learning poems by heart. 5) После глаголов see, hear, feel, watch, notice, listen to, когда описывается незаконченное действие (говорящий видел только часть действия) I heard Mary singing when I passed by. – Я слышал, как Мэри пела…(только часть песни) I heard Mary sing. — Я слышал, что Мэри пела (полностью)

Попробуй выполнить задание, раскрой скобки. 1.I don’t know what (do) at the weekends. 2.None of my friends enjoy (watch) that film. 3.He expects (pass) test next month. 4.He prefers (be) along while he walks. 5.We’d better (hurry) home tonight. 6.James is rich and can afford (buy) expensive things. 7.He’s always willing (lend) money to people. 8.My parents let me (stay) at my friend’s. 9.John denied (take) the money. 10. It’s nice (be) back. I can’t stand (go) away for a long time.

После ряда глаголов может использоваться и инфинитив и ing-форма, в зависимости от значения

Не секрет, что тема Infinitive and ing-forms является одной из самых сложных для восприятия учащимися. Дети часто не могут запомнить, в каких случаях надо употреблять инфинитив, а в каких герундий.

Данная презентация направлена на разъяснение данного правила. В нем подробно и наглядно представлены случаи употребления инфинитива и герундия с примерами и пояснениями. Для закрепления материала приведены несложные упражнения, включенные в презентацию.

Презентация яркая и помогает учащимся увидеть и понять главное. Презентация может быть использована на уроках в 9, 10 классе при работе над темой или для самостоятельной работы дома.


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